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Joan Miró was born in 1893, in Barcelona. He studied Fine Arts in Barcelona.
In 1920 Miró made his first trip to Paris, where he met Pablo Picasso. From this time, Miró divided his time between Paris and Montroig, Spain. In Paris he participated in Dada activities.
In 1921 he had his first solo show in Paris, at the Galerie la Licorne. His work was included in the Salon d’Automne of 1923. In 1924 Miró joined the Surrealist group.
In 1936 Miró was included in the exhibitions Cubism and Abstract Art and Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. The following year he was commissioned to create a monumental work for the Paris World’s Fair.
Miró’s first major museum retrospective was held at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in 1941. He received the Grand Prize for Graphic Work at the Venice Biennale in 1954, and his work was included in the first Documenta exhibition in Kassel the following year. Miró retrospectives took place at the Musée National d’Art Moderne, Paris, and the Grand Palais, Paris. Miró died in 1983, in Palma de Mallorca, Spain.